Many women experience vaginal bleeding at some point in their pregnancy. This occurs especially during the first trimester when the pregnancy is just beginning. In many cases (particularly in the early stages and if bleeding is minimal), this may be completely normal. However, persistent bleeding can be alarming and requires the evaluation of a physician, especially if the bleeding is accompanied by pain, cramps, fever, dizziness or fainting. It is important to know the strategies to deal with and control bleeding when it occurs. It is also helpful to know when to seek a doctor for additional help and treatment. We will gain knowledge of how to stop bleeding during pregnancy.
How to stop bleeding during pregnancy:
Following are the things to do for how to stop bleeding during pregnancy;
- Rest in bed as much as you can: In the case of mild bleeding in an early stage of pregnancy, rest is the ideal treatment. Doctors usually recommend absolute rest for a few days after the bleeding episode. If bleeding does not stop or decrease with rest, it is important that you see your doctor for a more detailed evaluation.
- Avoid strenuous work: In short, your doctor will advise you to avoid strenuous work, such as lifting heavy things, climbing stairs often, running, cycling, etc. These activities cause the uterus to shake and may rupture the delicate newly formed blood vessels found in the placenta. Avoiding this type of activity is absolutely necessary, even if you only notice a small amount of bleeding. You should limit physical activity and avoid strenuous work for at least two weeks after the time the bleeding stopped.
- Avoid having sex during this time: Occasionally, sex can induce or worsen vaginal bleeding. If you experience bleeding during pregnancy, you should avoid having sex until your doctor tells you it is safe to have it. Generally, you should wait for 2 to 4 weeks after the time the bleeding stops.
- Do not use tampons: Do not insert anything into your vagina after experiencing vaginal bleeding. Avoid using tampons completely, as these could damage the cervix or vaginal wall and generate more bleeding. Also, vaginal washes could introduce bacteria and other microorganisms into the vagina, causing a serious infection.
- Hydrate: It is very important that you drink adequate amounts of fluids during an episode of bleeding. This applies particularly if you have experienced severe bleeding. Drink at least 8 glasses of water daily to hydrate you and even more if you are still thirsty. Bleeding is related to the loss of fluids, so you should drink more than normal to stay hydrated. Staying hydrated is also important to preserve the health and well-being of your baby.
Keep in mind the causes of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy. In this way, you can tell what happens in your particular case. In fact, bleeding is quite common during the first trimester (the first 12 weeks of pregnancy) and occurs in 20-30% of women. Many cases of bleeding are benign, that is, they are not a risk to the mother or the baby and could be due to the fact that the fetus was implanted in the wall of the uterus or other physiological changes of the pregnancy.
However, there are also other more worrying possibilities associated with high volumes of blood loss or pain during the first trimester. These include the possibility of an “ectopic pregnancy” (the baby is implanted into the fallopian tubes rather than into the uterus), a “molar pregnancy” (a rare condition in which abnormal tissue grows inside the uterus instead Of a fetus) or a natural abortion.
In 50% of cases of vaginal bleeding during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, this is a sign that a miscarriage is occurring.
It is very likely that bleeding in a more advanced pregnancy (in the second or third trimester) is something to worry about. Causes include problems with the placenta, problems with the uterus (especially if you had a previous cesarian section), and preterm labour (defined as the onset of labour before 37 weeks) and, of course, the same work (If you are near the deadline).
Calculate your due date and consider whether your bleeding may indicate that labour has started. The pregnancy usually lasts 40 weeks or 280 days. You can use this information to calculate the date of your delivery. You should only add 9 calendar months and 7 days from the first day of the last menstrual period.
For example, if your last period began on January 1, 2014, your due date will be October 8, 2014. The presence of bleeding at a date close to the date of delivery may be a sign that labour has begun. The usual range is from 10 days prior to 10 days after delivery. You should contact your doctor immediately if you suspect labour has started. Keep in mind when to seek help from a medical professional. If bleeding does not stop or is accompanied by any of the following symptoms, it is recommended to visit a doctor as
soon as possible in the emergency room for a quick assessment and treatment:
- Severe pain or cramps;
- Dizziness or fainting (signs of considerable blood loss);
- Tissues that are expelled by the vagina along with blood (may be a sign of a natural miscarriage);
- Fever or chills (may be a sign of infection);
- Severe bleeding that does not decrease or stops
Keep in mind that you can ignore slight bleeding. You can usually ignore the bleeding if you bleed very little (only a few drops) if the blood is brown if the bleeding lasts less than one or two days and if it is not associated with pain or colic. It is most likely to be bleeding from implantation or to be the result of stretching of blood vessels.
No matter how light the bleeding is, you should avoid strenuous work for a few days and carefully monitor the amount of blood lost. Get medical help if you experience severe bleeding. Any type of profuse bleeding during pregnancy should be considered an emergency. Profuse bleeding equals any amount of bleeding that exceeds usual menstrual bleeding.