The type 2 diabetes is formerly called adult diabetes or non-insulin dependent diabetes. This is the most common form of diabetes. It affects both children and adults but is diagnosed more often in adults. We will tell you in a detailed manner what are the type 2 diabetes symptoms.
Insulin and the type 2 diabetes:
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. The pancreas releases insulin to help the body use sugar as fuel. When blood sugar levels rise, as occurs after meals, the pancreas releases more insulin. In this way, insulin controls blood sugar levels by moving it to areas that need it.
In the presence of type 2 diabetes, the body cannot use the insulin it produces to control blood sugar levels or does not have enough insulin. When the body begins to have trouble using insulin properly, it is called insulin resistance. As a result of insulin resistance, the body needs more insulin to function. At first, the pancreas produces more insulin. But after a while, it can no longer produce enough insulin to control the body’s blood sugar.
In cases of type 2 diabetes, sugar remains in the bloodstream, where it accumulates and increases greatly. High blood sugar levels can cause the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes medications are needed for people with type 2 diabetes who need help to control blood sugar. The consequence is that the cells absorb less glucose and it accumulates in the blood, without the insulin produced by the organism, even though the pancreas produces more of it, is enough to allow it to absorb the sugars. Keep in the bloodstream. In this way, a vicious circle occurs that is the origin of diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms:
Type 2 diabetes symptoms are similar to those of type 1. The difference is that they usually develop more slowly and may go unnoticed for months or years. Regular check-ups are important for the early detection of disease and prevention of complications. The most common type 2 diabetes symptoms are;
A lot of thirsts and need to urinate frequently:
Both are the first signs typical of diabetes. The reason: if you have diabetes, excess glucose or blood sugar builds up, and your kidneys are forced to work harder than normal to filter and absorb it. If your kidneys have difficulty controlling high blood sugar, excess glucose is expelled through the urine along with the fluids extracted (taken out) from the tissues. That makes you urinate more often, which can lead to dehydration. And the more liquids you drink to quench the thirst you feel, the more urine.
Another early symptom of diabetes is fatigue without apparent reason. The main cause of this fatigue or tiredness is that the body of a diabetic does not have the insulin he needs for the blood sugar to enter the cells, where it is converted into energy (because it does not produce enough or because it does not work well, There is resistance to insulin). Without the energy that fuels the body to function, the person feels extremely tired. There are other factors that can contribute to fatigue, especially dehydration, obesity, and high blood pressure or hypertension that are often associated with diabetes.
A symptom of diabetes that may also present at the onset is weight loss without apparent reasons. If urinating often causes you to lose glucose, you also lose calories along with it. At the same time, diabetes can prevent the sugar you consume with food from reaching your cells to become energy. As your body needs the energy to function, as the sugar, the calories and that energy does not reach the cells if you suffer from diabetes probably you have very hungry.
It is another of the symptoms of diabetes that can present at the onset of diabetes is blurred vision. Many people in the early stages of diabetes begin to notice problems with their eyesight, especially blurred vision. Elevated blood sugar levels, which are floating in the bloodstream, draw fluid from the tissues of the body, including those from the lens of the eye. Lack of fluid affects the eye’s ability to focus. If uncontrolled or aggravated, diabetes can damage the blood vessels in the retina (the back of the eye). In most people, these early changes do not cause significant vision problems. But if the diabetes is exacerbated or if changes are detected without progress, can lead to decreased vision (diabetic retinopathy different degrees) or even blindness.
Sores or bruises that delay healing and frequent infections:
Both seem to be more common in diabetics. The cause is not known for sure. It may be due to elevated glucose levels that interfere with the body’s natural healing process, as well as its ability to fight off infections. In women are particularly frequent vaginal yeast infections and bladder infections (cystitis).
Numbness or tingling sensation in the feet:
It is because sugar elevation or blood glucose can result in damage to the nerve endings or nerves (known as diabetic neuropathy). It does not mean that it causes anxiety. It refers, for example, to a burning sensation in the feet.
Red, swollen, or painful gums:
Diabetes can weaken your body’s ability to fight germs, which increases the likelihood of developing infections in your gums and bones that hold your teeth in place. It is possible that the gums separate from your teeth and they become loose, or that sores form on the gums, especially if you have an infection in them before the onset of diabetes.
Causes and risk factors:
It is known that genetics and family history have a great relationship with the onset of type 2 diabetes. If a parent has diabetes, the likelihood of the children also developing the disease is high. Therefore, it is important to perform the annual checkup. In addition, lifestyle also plays a special role in the onset of the disease. The increase in physical inactivity and obesity were seen in recent years justifies the growth of new cases of type 2 diabetes, especially in children who are overweight and who do not exercise.
Other risk factors that deserve attention:
People generally develop type 2 diabetes after 45 years of age, but in recent years the average age of diagnosis has been lower. The disease is also beginning to appear in children. Women who have developed gestational diabetes have a 40% more chance of developing type 2 diabetes.
Treatment for type 2 diabetes:
It is important for people with this type of diabetes to select the right foods and exercise. Part of the treatment for type 2 diabetes is to incorporate insulin regularly; a fast acting artificial insulin can be adjusted according to the meals.